SCIENCE

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Please note that all of the quotations below have been sent in by viewers of this site, and accuracy cannot be guaranteed. As the group and site matures, we intend to form a sub group to try and assess the items for likelihood of being genuine before uploading to the site.

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Dr Bruce Maccabee

Former Optical Physicist for the Surface Weapons Division, US Navy

" I believe that UFOs are real and that they are alien in origin. I have established this through my own research and the study of many years of evidence. Photographic cases are often inconclusive and frustrating for the investigator. That final piece of evidence simply may not be available. However, there are sufficient numbers of impressive cases where it can be established with reasonable conviction that some kind of extraordinary craft were photographed. Such evidence provides a case which demands to be answered by the scientific community."

In another statement regarding UFOs Maccadbee stated...

"They are here, whoever, wherever they come from, whatever they’re doing here, other intelligences are messing around on our planet."

Source:Unkown

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Paul Santorini

Fellow of the New York Academy of Science, pioneer of Radar, and close colleague of Einstein, believes that the three chief factors in the world blanket of UFO secrecy

"Fear of public panic, breaches of national security and upheaval of the churches established doctrine of creation".

Source:Unkown

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Javier Garzon

A Physicist on the staff of the National Astronomical Observatory Mexico City.

" The UFOs really exist, and apparently come from other planets".

Source:WWW and Did Spacemen Colonise the earth.

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Dr. Pierre Guérin

Senior researcher at the French National Council for Scientific Research (CNRS), has written extensively about the need for scientific research in the UFO field

" At the very least, it is already possible to show scientifically the evidence for physico-chemical modifications affecting sometimes the ground of alleged landing sites, as well as the effects produced on the vegetation. Such research has already begun and doesn't necessarily require large sums".
"The UFO problem in its totality, nevertheless, cannot be really understood unless our science someday is able to propose physical models that take into account the observed phenomena. We are not able to know if this will ever occur, and in any event, we are still very far from that stage."

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Source:Guérin, P., "Le Dossier des Objets Volants Non Identifiés," Sciences & Avenir, No. 307, Paris, September 1972.

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Liang Renglin

Guangzhou Jinan University, Chairman of CURO,

"UFOs are an unresolved mystery with profound influence in the world."

Source:UFO Scientific Conference in Darlian. In 1985

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Comrade Bang Wen-Gwang

The Chinese Academy of Sciences' Beijing Astronomical Research Society.

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"In this field [Ufology], prejudice will take you further from the truth than ignorance... But with a topic such as UFOs, where does the scientific method begin? And where does it end? This grand endeavour would consist of the serious recording of the enormous available data and the use of all scientific procedures for the purpose of analysis... China is so vast, and UFOs are certainly being witnessed again and again all throughout China, and China most definitely will evolve her own indigenous school of UFO researchers. This is our sincerest and deepest hope".

Source:Wen-Gwang, B., "The Aspirations & Hopes of the Chinese UFO Investigator," The Journal of UFO Research, No. 1, People's Republic of China, 1981.

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Francis Crick

Was an English scientist who was most noted for being a co-discoverer of the structure of the DNA molecule in 1953 alongside James D. Watson.

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" For nearly five decades, evidence in favour of a non-terrestrial origin of life and panspermia has accumulated which has not been properly assessed. A point has now been reached that demands the serious attention of biologists to a possibly transformative paradigm shift of the question of the origin of life, with profounds implications across many disciplines.".

Source:In a paper that Wickramasinghe co-authored in 2012 titled "Non-terrestrial origin of life: a transformative research paradigm shift"

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Dr. Auguste Meessen

Professor of physics at the Catholic University in Louvain and one of the scientific consultants for the Belgian Society for the Study of Space Phenomena (SOBEPS).

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"There are too many independent eyewitness reports to ignore. Too many of the reports describe coherent physical effects, and there is an agreement among the accounts concerning what was observed... But of course there are also physical effects. The Air Force report [of the F-16 jet scramble incident on the night of March 30-31, 1990] allows us to approach the problem in a rational and scientific way.".

Source:In an interview with French journalist, Marie-Therese de Brosses, Professor Meessen discussed the recent UFO wave in Belgium

"The simplest hypothesis is that the reports are caused by extraterrestrial visitors, but that hypothesis carries with it other problems. We are not in a rush to form a conclusion, but continue to study the mystery".

Source:Brosses, M.-T. de, "F-16 Radar Tracks UFO," Paris Match, July 5, 1990. English version in the MUFON UFO Journal, No. 268, August 1990.

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Dr. Richard Haines PHD

Psychologist specializing in pilot and astronaut "human factors" research for the Ames NASA Research Centre in California, from where he retired in 1988 as Chief of the Space Human Factors Office.

He has stated. He has been a NASA research scientist since the mid 1960's. He has worked on the Gemini, Apollo, and Skylab programs as well as several others. Over the past 30 years, Dr. Haines has compiled over 3,000 cases of unusual visual and radar sightings of unexplained aerial phenomena. He notes that numerous foreign cases also appear in the literature and are very similar in nature to the American reports.

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" We're not dealing with mental projections or hallucinations on the part of the witness but with a real physical phenomenon.".

Source:Haines, Dr. Richard, Observing UFO's, Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 1980.

" Reports of anomalous aerial objects (AAO) appearing in the atmosphere continue to be made by pilots of almost every airline and air force of the world in addition to private and experimental test pilots. This paper presents a review of 56 reports of AAO in which electromagnetic effects (E-M) take place on-board the aircraft when the phenomenon is located nearby but not before it appeared or after it had departed.
"Reported E-M effects included radio interference or total failure, radar contact with and without simultaneous visual contact, magnetic and/or gyro-compass deviations, automatic direction finder failure or interference, engine stopping or interruption, dimming cabin lights, transponder failure, and military aircraft weapon system failure.".

Source:Haines, Dr. Richard, "Fifty-Six Aircraft Pilot Sightings Involving Electromagnetic Effects," MUFON 1992 International UFO Symposium Proceedings.  

" I have over 3,000 cases. I have tape recordings or video recordings of the interviews with some of the pilots. I have FAA tapes that you can obtain as a citizen through Freedom of Information Act requests. And so this database is very large. Those cases that are not complete are usually the result of a hesitancy on the part of the pilot to disclose everything. If they are a commercial pilot, for instance, there may be concerns about job security or ridicule…
"We have an interesting case involving several aircraft, compasses deviating, radio frequency interference, and radar. There is a wealth of data there. And it just amazes me that my colleagues in the physical sciences, for some reason aren't interested in this subject…
"Is there some intelligent guidance behind the phenomenon? Well that's a scientific question. That is a valuable scientific question. And to me, where I am right now in the data analysis, I think there is. I'm gaining more and more data to make this case that there is a high degree of intelligence and control behind this phenomenon…
"I had a B-52 captain tell me once that he was flying in the front left seat of a brand new B-52 from Wichita, Kansas, where it was made by the Boeing Corporation. His job was to ferry that aircraft with a light crew to an Air Force base in the south western part of America. It was a clear, sunny day, beautiful bright sky, and an object, a round sphere, probably four or five feet in diameter with no markings, no rivets, no seams, no insignias, no USAF on the side- showed up right off his left wing tip. Well, his co-pilot said, Captain, we have an object off our right wing tip and he described it and it was the same shape, size, everything, identical to this one on the left wing. So there are two objects now keeping up with the aircraft at cruise altitude and cruise speed.
"Well, to make a long story short, he told me that an object showed up behind the aircraft, above the aircraft, below the aircraft and off each wing tip, five total. And, I said, well, what did you do. He said, well, I hit the autopilot button on the control column and went into evasive manoeuvres, which is kind of standard operating procedure, to try to shake these things. He said if they were balloons, they weren't going to keep up with us very long. If they were birds, why were they at that altitude and flying at 300 or 400 miles an hour, so forth and so on. Good, typical piloting behaviour, checking off what they weren't, you see. Well, he said, no matter what he did with that aircraft, they stayed with the aircraft, perfectly aligned. It is called station keeping. So he said, after a while of this, we are running out of fuel and I have a job to do. So he added power, got back up to cruise altitude, and put her back on autopilot. After 15 or so minutes more the objects departed from the aircraft in the exact opposite order they arrived. Intelligence. To me that's not random. That is intelligence. That is deliberate…
"Now the sceptics will say that these are all visual illusions. And I can't buy that. Not all these cases, not with three sets of eyeballs in that cockpit, not with radar confirmation, not with ground confirmation by radar and even additional aircraft nearby…
"Pilots, being professionals, have careers at stake. And so it is easier not to report them and usually they don't report them. My estimate is that for every one pilot who does come forward and makes a confidential or a public report, there are 20, 30 other pilots who don't. As a result of this review of my AIRCAT files, I found a number of cases back in the '60's for instance when the Air Force was still heavily involved in this subject, where they stepped in and interrogated commercial pilots. Not just their own military pilots, but also commercial pilots. The Air Force ended the interview by saying you are not to tell anybody about what you saw…
"Quite often there is a little protrusion either on the top or the bottom, or both, that some people describe as a cupola or a cockpit of some sort. And very often, they are transparent. And detail can be seen inside the windows. It is very interesting for a pilot to look you in the eye and tell you that he saw this at 100 yards distance, at altitude. That has a great emotional impact on me, I must say".

Source:Disclosure Project

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Dr Robert M. L. Baker, Jr.

President of West Coast University; author of two astrodynamics textbooks; head of Lockheed's Astrodynamics Research Center (1961-64); member of the faculty of Astronomy and Engineering at UCLA (1959-71).

He has specialized in the study of motion pictures of UFOs and anomalistic radar images, and has concluded that two of the most famous UFO motion pictures, taken in the 1950s, cannot be explained in terms of conventional phenomena.
In 1968, he made the following statement concerning the one U.S. radar system in operation at that time that, to his knowledge, exhibited sufficient continuous coverage to reveal UFOs operating above the earth's atmosphere:

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" The system is partially classified and, hence, I cannot go into great detail... Since this particular sensor system has been in operation, there have been a number of anomalistic alarms. Alarms that, as of this date, have not been explained on the basis of natural phenomena interference, equipment malfunction or inadequacy, or man-made space objects.".

Source:1968 Congressional Hearings, ibid.

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Dr Leo Sprinkle

Professor of Psychology at the University of Wyoming.

Had his first UFO sighting in 1951 when he and a friend saw "something in the sky, round and metallic looking."

In 1956, he had a second sighting while driving with his wife near Boulder, Colorado:

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" We watched it for quite a few minutes. We could see it was larger than the headlights of the cars below. And we could see it was not attached to anything. And there was no sound. I became frightened actually, because it wasn't anything I could understand... from a personal viewpoint, I am pretty well convinced that we are being surveyed".

Source:"Flying Saucers", Special Issue of Look magazine, 1967

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Rauni Leena Kilde MD

Chief Medical Officer for Lapland

Luukanen-Kilde claimed to have been "rescued" from danger by extraterrestrials, and to have esoteric skills and knowledge as a result of her relationship with them. Luukanen-Kilde said that…

" secret military and intelligence agencies were practicing mind control technology on the world population using cell phones and supercomputers and that a plot to kill most of the Earth's population using the swine flu vaccine was being carried out by, Henry Kissinger and the Bilderberg Group".

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Her article on cybernetic implants as a means of control is widely circulated. She appears in the 1999 film Revelations: The End Times, Volume 2.

"There was a secret exchange program between humans and aliens that was being deliberately suppressed by powerful Western governments, particularly the United States."

Source:YouTube

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Professor Michio Kaku

Professor of Theoretical Physics at the City College of New York.

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"The most credible cases of UFOs involve (a) multiple sightings by independent, credible eyewitnesses and (b) evidence from multiple sources, such as eyesight and radar. For example, in 1986 there was a sighting of a UFO by JAL flight 1628 over Alaska, which was investigated by the Federal Aviation Administration. The UFO was seen by the passengers of the JAL flight and was also tracked by ground radar. Similarly, there were mass radar sightings of black triangles over Belgium in 1989-90 that were tracked by Nato radar and jet interceptors. In 1976, there was a sighting over Tehran that resulted in multiple systems failures in an F–4 jet interceptor. But what is frustrating to scientists is that, of the thousands of recorded sightings, none has produced hard physical evidence that can lead to reproducible results in the laboratory. No alien DNA, alien computer chip or physical evidence of a landing has ever been retrieved.

We might ask ourselves what kind of spacecraft they would be. Here are some of the characteristics that have been recorded by observers.

a) They are known to zig-zag in midair;

b) They have been known to stop car ignitions and disrupt electrical power;

c) They hover silently.

None of these characteristics fits the description of the rockets we have developed on Earth. For example, all known rockets depend on Newton's third law of motion (for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction); yet the UFOs cited do not seem to have any exhaust. And the g–forces created by zig-zagging flying saucers would exceed 100 times the gravitational force on Earth - the g–forces would be enough to flatten any creature on Earth.

Can such UFO characteristics be explained using modern science? In movies it is always assumed that alien beings pilot these craft. More likely, however, if such craft exist, they are unmanned (or are manned by a being that is part organic and part mechanical). This would explain how the craft could execute patterns generating g-forces that would normally crush a living being.

Any alien civilization advanced enough to send starships throughout the universe has certainly mastered nanotechnology. This would mean that their starships do not have to be very large; they could be sent by the millions to explore inhabited planets. Desolate moons would perhaps be the best bases for such nanoships. If so, then perhaps our own moon has been visited in the past by a civilization similar to the scenario depicted in the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey, which is perhaps the most realistic depiction of an encounter with an extraterrestrial civilization.

Some scientists have scoffed at UFOs because they don't fit any of the gigantic propulsion designs being considered by engineers today, such as ramjet fusion engines, huge laser-powered sails and nuclear pulsed engines, which might be miles across. But UFOs can be as small as a jet aeroplane, and can refuel from a nearby moon base. So sightings may correspond to unmanned reconnaissance ships."

Source: Nigel Farndale's interview with Michio Kaku. The Telegraph.

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Dr. J Allen Hynek

Director U.S. Air Force project Blue Book as a scientific consultant, astronomer, investigator and analysis. Advisor to the movie Close Encounters of the Third Kind. Leading UFO scientist, from the foreword to Challenge to Science: The UFO Enigma, J.& J. Vallee,1966.

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"When the long awaited solution to the UFO problem comes, I believe that it will prove to be not merely the next small step in the march of science, but a mighty and totally unexpected quantum leap." "We had a job to do, whether right or wrong, to keep the public from getting excited."

"Over the past eighteen years I have acted as a scientific consultant to the U.S. Air Force on the subject of unidentified flying objects – UFO's. As a consequence of my work on the voluminous air force files and, to a greater extent, of personal investigation of many puzzling cases and interviews with witnesses of good repute, I have long been aware that the subject of UFO's could not be dismissed as mere nonsense."

Source:

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Albert Einstein

Theoretical physicist. He developed the general theory of relativity.

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Only once is it known for certain that Albert Einstein spoke directly about UFOs. it is reported that Einstein wrote evangelist Louis Gardner (in reply to Gardner�s query about UFOs).

"These people have seen something. What it is I do not know and am not curious to know."

Source: The St. Louis Post Dispatch, AP Item, 7/30/52


"Mr. President, anyone who can cross millions of miles of space will be able to take care of themselves when they get there. Don't start something you can't finish."

Source: Albert Einstein (talking to President Truman about the "shoot–them–down" order of UFOs flying over Washington DC on July 19, 1952 (As quoted by national radio host Frank Edwards, date unknown).

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Dr. Herman Oberth

The father of modern rocketry

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"Flying Saucers come from distant worlds."

Source:


"It is my thesis that flying saucers are real and that they are space ships from another solar system. There is no doubt in my mind that these objects are interplanetary craft of some sort. I and my colleagues are confident that they do not originate in our solar system."

Source:


In 1955, Dr. Von Braun invited him (Oberth) to the U.S. to work at the Army Ballistic Missile Agency and later at NASA where he researched UFO propulsion. Oberth stated to a group of reporters in 1959, "It is my thesis that flying saucers are real and that they are spaceships from another solar system. I think that they are possibly manned by intelligent observers who are members of a race that may have been investigating our Earth for centuries. I think that they possibly have been sent out to conduct systematic, long-range investigations -- first of men, animals, vegetation and more recently of atomic centres, armaments, and centres of armament production. They are propelled by distorting the gravitational field, converting gravity into useable energy. I and my colleagues feel that they may use Mars or some other body as sort of a 'way station'. They probably do not originate in our Solar System, perhaps not even in our Galaxy."

Source:


Years later he was quoted as saying, "We cannot take the credit for our record advancement in certain scientific fields alone. We have been helped." When asked by whom, he replied, "The people of other worlds."

Source: Oberth H, "Flying Saucers Come From A Distant World," The American Weekly, October 24, 1954.


"It is my conclusion that UFOs do exist, are very real, and are spaceships from another or more than one solar system. They are possibly manned by intelligent observers who are members of a race carrying out long-range scientific investigations of our earth for centuries."

Source: UFO News, 1974.

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Stanton Friedman

Defence contractor, nuclear physicist, leading UFO researcher, author of several books and numerous articles on UFOs.

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"Careful review of a vast array of relevant evidence clearly leads to the conclusion that some unidentified flying objects are intelligently controlled vehicles whose origin is outside our solar system. All the arguments against the extraterrestrial origin seem to be based upon false reasoning, misrepresentation of evidence, neglect of relevant information, ignorance of relevant technology, or pseudo sophisticated assumptions about alien appearance, motivation, or government secrecy.

The primary UFO evidence consists of UFO sighting reports, multi–witness close encounters, still and motion pictures, radar tracking's, simultaneous radar–visual sightings, physical traces (environmental changes in dirt, vegetation, trees, etc.) produced by UFOs, abductions by aliens of Earthlings, and very likely (in hidden locations) crashed UFOs and preserved alien bodies. The worldwide origin of the various data collections indicate similar experiences occurring and being reported independently all over the planet. The overall quality and quantity of reports is far better than most people–especially open–minded sceptics and scientists and newspaper reporters–are aware."

"The evidence is overwhelming that Planet Earth is being visited by intelligently controlled extraterrestrial spacecraft. In other words, SOME UFOs are alien spacecraft. Most are not. It's clear from the Opinion Polls and my own experience, that indeed most people accept the notion that SOME UFOs are alien spacecraft. The greater the education, the MORE likely to accept this proposition".

"There are no good arguments to be made against the conclusion that some UFOs are intelligently controlled vehicles from off the Earth. Some sceptics may be well intentioned, but they are almost always ignorant of the significant scientific data indicating UFO reality. They read the newspapers but not the solid information. They are unaware of the myriad landing–trace cases, the multitude of "critter" reports and Earthling abductions, the numerous large–scale scientific collections of data, the many published scientific studies indicating that trips to nearby stars in our galactic neighbourhood are already feasible without violating the laws of physics or invoking science fiction techniques."

Source:

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Professor Robert Jacobs

US Air Force, Professor at Bradley University.

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"So this thing [UFO] fires a beam of light at the warhead, hits it and then it moves to the other side and fires another beam of light. And the warhead tumbles out of space. What message would I interpret from that? [The UFOs were telling us] don't mess with nuclear warheads. ... Major Mannsman said, "You are never to speak of this again." After an article [about the incident years later], I would get phone calls all night long. People would call and start screaming at me. One night somebody blew up my mailbox."

Source: YouTube, The Disclosure project

To read the full report Click Here!

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Dr. Carol Rosin

Fairchild Industries Corporate Manager. Wernher Von Braun's Spokesperson.

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"In 1974, founder of modern rocket science Wernher Von Braun told me that the reasons for space-based weaponry were all based on a lie. He said the strategy was to use scare tactics – that first the Russians, then terrorists are going to be considered the enemy. The next enemy was asteroids. The last card is the alien card. We are going to have to build space-based weapons against aliens, and all of it is a lie." I was at a meeting in Fairchild Industries in the War Room. The conversation was about how they were going to antagonize these enemies and at some point, there was going to be a Gulf War. Now this is 1977!"

Source: The Disclosure Project.

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Dr. Walter Reidel

Noted German rocket expert.

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"I'm convinced that [flying] saucers have an out-of-world basis."

Source: LIFE 4-7-1952.

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Dr. Mitrovan Zverev

USSR. Also, Computer Sciences Corporation, Laurel, Maryland. USA.

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"Something unknown to our understanding is visiting this Earth."

Source: Quoted by Reuters, August 26, 1965.

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Dr. Harold Puthoff

Director, Institute for advanced studies at Austin, Author of fundamentals of Quantum Electronics. American physicist and parapsychologist.

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"The possibility of reduced-time interstellar travel either by advanced extraterrestrial civilizations at present or ourselves in the future, is not fundamentally constrained by physical principles."

Source: By: H.E. Puthoff, Institute for Advanced Studies at Austin, TX 78759

Subject: Synopsis of Unconventional Flying Objects, by Paul Hill, Hampton Roads Publ. Co., Charlottesville, VA, 1995 (ISBN 1-57174-027-9)


JSE Review by H. E. Puthoff, Ph.D., Institute for Advanced Studies at Austin, TX 78759

To the degree that the engineering characteristics of UFOs can be estimated by empirical observation, in my opinion the above-referenced, recently-published book by Paul Hill provides the most reliable, concise summary of engineering-type data available. [1] The data were compiled over decades of research by a Chief Scientist-Manager at NASA's Langley Research Centre [2] who acted as an informal clearinghouse for UFO-related data. The strength of the compilation lies in its thoughtful separation of wheat from chaff, and the analysis of the former into coherent patterns, including detailed calculations. Perhaps surprising to the casually interested, under careful examination the observations, rather than defying the laws of physics as naive interpretation might suggest, instead appear to be solidly commensurate with them, as the following discussion shows.

One of the most consistently-observed characteristics of UFO flight is a ubiquitous pattern in which they tilt to perform all manoeuvres. Specifically, they sit level to hover, tilt forward to move forward, tilt backward to stop, bank to turn, and descend by "falling-leaf" or "silver- dollar-wobble" motions. Detailed analysis by Hill shows that such motion is inconsistent with aerodynamic requirements, but totally consistent with some form of repulsive force-field propulsion. Not satisfied with paper analyses alone, Hill arranged to have various forms of jet-supported and rotor-supported circular flying platforms built and tested. Hill himself acted as test pilot in early, originally-classified, versions, and found the above motions the most economical for control purposes. Pictures of these platforms are included in the text.

In an effort to examine the force-field propulsion hypothesis yet further, Hill analyzed a number of cases involving near-field interactions with an apparent craft in which some form of force was in evidence. These include examples in which a person or vehicle was affected, tree branches were parted or broken, roof tiles were dislodged, objects were deflected, and ground or water were disturbed. Under close analysis the subtleties of these interactions combine to point unequivocally to a repulsive force field surrounding the craft, while discriminating against propulsion mechanisms involving jet action, pure electric or magnetic effects, or the emission of energetic particles or radiation (although the latter may accompany the propulsive mechanism as a secondary effect). Further detailed investigation indicates that the particular form of force field propulsion that satisfies observational constraints is what Hill labels a directed acceleration field; that is, a field that is, in general, gravitational-like in nature, and, in particular, gravity-cancelling. [3] Such a field acts on all masses in its sphere of influence as does a gravitational field. Corollary to this conclusion is that observed accelerations ~100 g's relative to the environment could be sustained without on-board high-g forces.

One of the consequences of the above identification of field propulsion type by Hill is his conclusion, supported by detailed calculation, computer simulation and wind-tunnel studies, that supersonic flight through the atmosphere without sonic booms is easily engineered. Manipulation of the acceleration-type force field would, even at supersonic speeds, result in a constant-pressure, compression-free zone without shockwave in which the vehicle is surrounded by a subsonic flow-pattern of streamlines, and subsonic velocity ratios. An additional benefit of such field control is that drops of moisture, rain, dust, insects, or other low-velocity objects would follow streamline paths around the craft rather than impact it.

Another puzzle resolved by Hill's analysis is that craft observed to travel continuously at Mach 4 or 5 do not appear to generate temperatures sufficiently high to be destructive to known materials. In other words, UFOs appear to prevent high aerodynamic heating rates, rather than permitting a heating problem, then surviving it with heat- resistant materials as is the case of the Shuttle whose surface temperatures can reach 1300 degrees C. The resolution of this potential problem is shown by Hill to derive from the fact that the force-field control that results in the prevention of shockwave drag as discussed above is also effective in preventing aerodynamic heating. In effect the airflow approaches, then springs away from the craft, depositing no energy in the process.

A further example of the type of correlation that emerges from Hill's analytical approach is provided by an analysis of the economy of various flight-path profiles. It is shown that high-angle, high- acceleration departures on ballistic-arc trajectories with high-speed coast segments are more efficient than, for example, intermediate-level, horizontal-path trips, both in terms of required impulse-per-unit-mass and time-of-flight parameters. This he correlates with the observation that UFO departures are of the dramatically high-angle, high-acceleration type.

Also of interest is Hill's analysis of the spectra and intensity of an apparent plasma sheath surrounding such craft, the details of which correlate with what one would expect in terms of it being a secondary effect associated with the propulsion system, for example, a blue shift and intensity increase during a "power-up" phase, and the opposite during hover or landing manoeuvres. An additional fine point that emerges from this analysis is resolution of the paradox that observation on a direct line-of-sight to a near part of the craft can reveal a metallic-like structure while the attempt to observe the outline of the craft, necessarily by an oblique line-of-sight, results in an indistinct blur. Analysis shows this to be a reasonable outcome of an expected re- absorption of reflected light by the surrounding plasma in the longer- length path associated with the more oblique view.

Another typical nugget of information is found in Hill's discussion of the results of the analysis of a possible UFO artefact, the famous Ubatuba magnesium fragments claimed to have originated from an exploded unidentified craft near Ubatuba, Brazil. Laboratory analysis of the samples found the magnesium to be not only of exceptional purity, and anomalous in its trace composition of other elements, but 6.7% denser than ordinary pure magnesium, a figure well beyond the experimental error of the measurement. Hill's calculation shows that this observation can be accounted for by assuming that the sample contained only the pure isotope Mg26, rather than the naturally-occurring distribution among isotopes Mg24, Mg25 and Mg26. Since the only isotope separation on a significant scale in terrestrial manufacture is that of uranium, such a result must be considered at least anomalous, and possibly as evidence for extraterrestrial manufacture.

Additional calculations concerning the parameters of interstellar travel (including relativistic effects), and the energetic of such travel, have been performed and are included in tabular and graphical form. The wealth of material in these sections, along with discussion of the broad implications of this material, reveal the dedication and thoroughness of Hill's approach to his self-assigned task.

In the final analysis, one must conclude that Hill has assembled as good a case as can be made on the basis of presently available data that the observation of some "unconventional flying objects" is compatible with the presence of engineered platforms weighing in at something around 30 tons, which are capable of 100-g accelerations and 9000-mph speeds in the atmosphere. Perhaps more important for the technical reader, however, is Hill's supporting argumentation, based on solid analysis, that these platforms, although exhibiting the application of physics and engineering principles clearly beyond our present-day capabilities, do not appear to defy these principles in any fundamental way.

1. The book also comes highly recommended in a Frontispiece by Apollo 14 astronaut Edgar Mitchell, and in a Foreword by retired McDonnell Douglas R&D manager Robert M. Wood. [Back]

2. Ass't Chief, Pilotless Aircraft Research Div.; Assoc. Chief, Applied Materials and Physics Div. Retired from NASA in 1970. [Back]

3.Recent examples of the discussion of the technical aspects of candidate field propulsion mechanisms of this type are given in M. Alcubierre, "The warp drive: hyper-fast travel within general relativity," Class. and Quantum Grav., vol. 11, p. L73 (1994), and in H. Puthoff, "SETI, the velocity-of-light limitation, and the Alcubierre warp drive: An integrating overview," Phys. Essays vol. 9, No. 1, p. 156 (March 1996).

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Dr. Maurice Biot

Leading aerodynamicists and mathematical physicist Maurice Anthony Biot was a Belgian-American aeronautical engineer and the founder of the theory of poroelasticity. He obtained his Ph.D. in Aeronautical Science from the California Institute of Technology in 1932 under Theodore von Kármán.

Photo of Dr Maurice Biot

In 1930s and 1940s Biot worked at Harvard University, the Catholic University of Leuven, Columbia University and Brown University, and later for a number of companies and government agencies, including NASA. During the period between 1932 and 1942, he conceived and then fully developed the response spectrum method (RSM) for earthquake engineering which was further promoted by George W Housner.

Biot was interested in reports of unidentified flying objects,

"The least improbable explanation is that these things are artificial and controlled ... My opinion for some time has been that they have an extraterrestrial origin."

Source: in a 1952 interview with Life expressed his support of the extraterrestrial hypothesis.

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Dr. Wernher Von Braun

Legendary rocket engineer. Wernher Magnus Maximilian Freiherr von Braun was a German, later an American, aerospace engineer and space architect credited with inventing the V-2 rocket for Nazi Germany and the Saturn V for the United States. He was one of the leading figures in the development of rocket technology in Nazi Germany.

Photo of Dr Wernher Von Braun

According to NASA, he is, "Without doubt, the greatest rocket scientist in history", as well as the "Father of Rocket Science". In 1975, he received the National Medal of Science. He continued insisting on the human mission to Mars throughout his life.

Reflecting on the deflection of the U.S. June 2 rocket from orbit in 1959, stated:

"We find ourselves faced by powers which are far stronger than we had hitherto assumed and whose base is at present unknown to us. More I cannot say at present. We are now engaged in entering into closer contact with those powers. And in 6-or-9 months time, it may be possible to speak with some precision on the matter."

Source:

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Professor Gabriel Alvial

Cerro Calan Observatory.

No Photo Available

"There is scientific evidence that strange objects are circling our planet. It is lamentable that governments have drawn a veil of secrecy around this matter."

Source: Quoted by Reuters on August 26, 1965.

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James McDonald

Atmospheric physicist, leading UFO scientist in 1960's – "UFOs: Extraterrestrial Probes." He served as a cryptographer in the United States Navy during World War II.

He earned his Ph.D. at Iowa State University. He taught at the University of Chicago for a year, then in 1953, he was invited to help establish a meteorology and atmospherics program at the University of Arizona as a professor of meteorology. McDonald eventually became the head of the Institute of Atmospheric Physics.

His specialty was cloud formation and physics, but his natural curiosity led him to read widely in many other scientific fields. McDonald was a widely recognized authority of atmospheric phenomena: he published many articles in peer reviewed journals, and contributed to several standard meteorology textbooks. He was a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Meteorological Society.

McDonald was one of many experts who testified before congress in the 1960s against the development of supersonic transport airplanes, for fear that they would damage the ozone layer.

Photo of James McDonald

In 1954, while driving through the Arizona desert with two meteorologists, McDonald spotted an unidentified flying object none of the men could readily identify. Though a rather unspectacular sighting of a distant point of light, this sighting would spur McDonald's interest in UFOs. By the late 1950s he was quietly investigating UFO reports in Arizona, and he had also joined NICAP, then the largest and most prominent civilian UFO research group in the nation. Given his training in atmospheric physics, McDonald was able to examine UFO reports in greater detail than most other scientists, and was able to offer explanations for some previously unexplained reports. Using his security clearance with the US government, he also uncovered a number of well–documented UFO reports from the US Air Force's Project Blue Book, which he judged deeply puzzling even after stringent analysis.

"There is, in my opinion, no sensible alternative to the utterly shocking hypothesis that the UFOs are extraterrestrial probes."

"On the basis of an intensive study of the UFO problem, I believe that the extraterrestrial-origin hypothesis must now be given extremely serious scientific attention.

After a year of scrutiny of highly unconventional phenomena credibly reported from all parts of this country and [I believe] from most of the entire world, I have been driven to consider possibilities that I'd ordinarily not give a moment's thought to in my own personal brand of orthodoxy. It is the UFO evidence that slowly forces the diligent UFO student to seriously consider the extraterrestrial hypothesis - evidence that I can only describe as extraordinary in its total nature.

All over the globe persons in all walks of life, representing a wide range of educational and cultural backgrounds, are reporting, often in the face of unpleasant ridicule, sightings of objects that appear to be completely real objects yet have characteristics that match nothing about which we have present knowledge.

Hoax, fraud, and fabrication account for a few but, in terms of percentage, negligible numbers of UFO sightings. Misinterpreted meteorological and astronomical observations and the like do account do account for lots of poor UFO reports, but experienced investigators learn to recognize these almost at a glance and dismiss them from further attention.

It is the detailed, close-range sightings by persons whose reliability cannot be brought into serious question that carry great weight.

Pacing of aircraft and buzzing of cars by UFOs go on rather steadily. These cases so strongly suggest something vaguely resembling surveillance or reconnaissance that the student of the problem is forced to weigh the possibility that the UFOs are probes of some type engaged in something we would loosely call "observation."

There are many other categories of sightings suggesting the same tentative hypothesis. How can this be? There is, in my opinion, no sensible alternative to the utterly shocking hypothesis that the UFOs are extraterrestrial probes.

There is, in my opinion, no sensible alternative to the utterly shocking hypothesis that the UFOs are extraterrestrial probes."

Source: Most of McDonald's life is known through the authorized biography Firestorm: Dr. James E. McDonald's Fight For UFO Science (2003) by Ann Druffel.


"I have been studying now for about 2 years, on a rather intensive basis, the UFO problem. I have interviewed several hundred witnesses in selected cases, and I am astonished at what I have found.

From time to time in the history of science, situations have arisen in which a problem of ultimately enormous importance went begging for adequate attention simply because that problem appeared to involve phenomena so far outside the current bounds of scientific knowledge that it was not even regarded as a legitimate subject of serious scientific concern. That is precisely the situation in which the UFO problem now lies. One of the principal results of my own recent intensive study of the UFO enigma is this: I have become convinced that the scientific community, not only in this country but throughout the world, has been casually ignoring as nonsense a matter of extraordinary scientific importance. The attention of your Committee can, and I hope will, aid greatly in correcting this situation. As you will note in the following, my own present opinion, based on two years of careful study, is that UFOs are probably extraterrestrial devices engaged in something that might very tentatively be termed "surveillance."

If the extraterrestrial hypothesis is proved correct (and I emphasize that the present evidence only points in that direction but cannot be said to constitute irrefutable proof), then clearly UFOs will become a top-priority scientific problem. I believe you might agree that, even if there were a slight chance of the correctness of that hypothesis, the UFOs would demand the most careful attention.

To both laymen and scientists, the impressive progress that science has made towards understanding our total environment prompts doubts that there could be machine-like objects of entirely unconventional nature moving through our atmosphere, hovering over automobiles, power installations, cities, and the like, yet all the while going unnoticed by our body scientific. Such suggestions are hard to take seriously, and I assure you that, until I had taken a close look at the evidence, I did not take them seriously. We have managed to so let our preconceptions block serious consideration of the possibility that some form of alien technology is operating within our midst that we have succeeded in simply ignoring the facts. And we scientists have ignored the pleas of groups like NICAP and APRO, who have for years been stressing the remarkable nature of the UFO evidence. Abroad, science has reacted in precisely this same manner, ignoring as nonsensical the report-material gathered by private groups operating outside the main channels of science. I understand this neglect all too well; I was just one more of those scientists who almost ignored those facts, just one more of those scientists who was rather sure that such a situation nearly could not exist, one more citizen rather sure that official statements must be basically meaningful on the non-existence of any substantial evidence for the reality of UFOs.

My own study of the UFO problem has convinced me that we must rapidly escalate serious scientific attention to this extraordinarily intriguing puzzle.

I believe that the scientific community has been seriously misinformed for twenty years about the potential importance of UFOs.

The possibility that the Earth might be under surveillance by some high civilization in command of a technology far beyond ours must not be overlooked in weighing the UFO problem. I am one of those who lean strongly towards the extraterrestrial hypothesis. I arrived at that point by a process of elimination of other alternative hypotheses, not by arguments based on what I would call "irrefutable proof." I am convinced that the recurrent observations by reliable citizens here and abroad over the past twenty years cannot be brushed aside as nonsense, but rather need to be taken extremely seriously as evidence that some phenomenon is going on which we simply do not understand."

Source: Statement to House Sub-committee, 1968.


"I believe that it is necessary to take into very serious account the assumption that these strange objects constitute some sort of extraterrestrial probes. Before I had undertaken a personal study of the problem, I was willing to grant credit to such an assumption. After one year of intensive study, I must still regard it only as an assumption, but I must stress that my research strongly pushes me to admit that this assumption is the only acceptable one as for now if one wants to account for the utterly amazing number of observations at low altitude and short distance which are now recorded in the whole world and which relate to objects that have the appearance of machines.

To the numerous serious investigators of the UFO problem, it appears conceivable that something in the nature of a global surveillance by UFOs has been underway in recent years. If this view is correct, then our present ignorance of the purpose and plan of such surveillance must be urgently replaced by maximal understanding of what is going on� The present ignorance, the present neglect and the present mocking remarks, all constitute regrettable features of our collective attitudes with regard to what can be, for all the people of the world, an affair of utter importance.

During twenty years, there was a persisting and intriguing flood of reports, coming from countries located in all the parts of the world, relating to what we finally called the unidentified flying objects (UFOS). In all these reports, whatever their geographical origin, the nature of the reported objects appears to be primarily similar.

During the last twelve months spent, I pursued an intensive examination of the scientific aspects of the UFO problem, dealing with reports originating within the limits of the United States. After I interviewed the key witnesses to dozen important cases distributed over the whole 1947-1967 period; after having studied, with personal of the U.S. Air Force, official methods of investigation; and after having personally checked a great number of other sources of information, I concluded that, far from being a stupid problem, the problem of the UFOS is a problem of an extraordinary scientific interest.

My own studies led me to reject the opinion according to which they are only natural atmospheric phenomena or misinterpreted astronomical phenomena; in this respect a number of official explanations are almost absurdly erroneous. It is not possible anymore to explain all these observations with assumptions calling upon the products of a technology of avant-garde or experimental secret craft, with assumptions of mystification, fraud or trickery, or with psychological assumptions. Each one of these assumptions intervenes indeed in a great number of cases, but there still remain an astonishing number of other reports, submitted by observers highly worthy of faith during the two last decades, which cannot receive such a satisfactory explanation. I believe that this vast residue of reports, which amounts now to hundreds and perhaps thousands of cases, requires the attention of the most eminent scientists of the world.

It is my present opinion, based on what I believe to be a sufficient scientific examination of excluding mutually assumptions, that the most probable assumption to account for the phenomenon of the UFOS is that these are a certain type of monitoring space probes, of extraterrestrial origin."

Source: In a letter to Mr. U. Thant, Secretary General of the United Nations, June 1967.


"If there were even a slim possibility that the Earth were under extraterrestrial surveillance in any form, that would be a matter of the greatest scientific importance, warranting the most rigorous investigation. In fact, the evidence that seems to point to the conclusion that UFOs could be such devices is far from negligible; yet because of the history fo the official and scientific response to the earlier UFO reports, we continue to see mainly neglect or ridicule on this intriguing question.

After examining around a thousand UFO reports and directly interviewing several hundred witnesses in selected UFO cases of outstanding interest, and after weighing alternative hypotheses, I find myself driven steadily further toward the position that the extraterrestrial hypothesis is, of course, not original with me; it has been urged for many years by persons knowledgeable with respect to the UFO problem, who spoke from outside scientific circles. Our collective failure to examine scientific aspects of the UFO problem will, I fear, be held against the scientific community when the full dimensions of the UFO evidence come to be recognized.

The type of UFO reports that are most intriguing, and point most directly to an extraterrestrial hypothesis, are close-range sightings of machine-like objects of unconventional nature and unconventional performance characteristics, seen at low altitudes, and sometimes even on the ground. The general public is entirely unaware of the large number of such reports that are coming from credible witnesses because ridicule and scoffing have made most witnesses reluctant to report openly such unusual incidents. When one starts searching for such cases, their numbers are quite astonishing. Also, such sightings appear to be occurring all over the globe.

The sooner we take a serious new stance and confront the UFO question with adequate scientific talent and staffing, the less embarrassing will be the ultimate admission that we have been overlooking a problem of potentially enormous scientific importance to humanity."

Source: "Are UFOs Extraterrestrial Surveillance Craft?" – talk given at American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1968. Ronald Story, Encyclopaedia

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15: Dr. Margaret Mead

World-renowned anthropologist, "UFOs - Visitors from Outer Space?,"

 
Photo of Dr Margaret Mead

"There are unidentified flying objects. That is, there are a hard core of cases - perhaps 20 to 30 percent in different studies - for which there is no explanation... We can only imagine what purpose lies behind the activities of these quiet, harmlessly cruising objects that time and again approach the earth. The most likely explanation, it seems to me, is that they are simply watching what we are up to."

Source: Mead, Margaret, "UFOs – Visitors from Outer Space?," Redbook, vol. 143, September 1974.

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Frank B. Salisbury

Ph.D. Professor, Plant Physiology, Utah State University

Photo of Frank B Salisbury

Frank Salisbury earned bachelors and master's degrees in botany and biochemistry at the University of Utah. In 1955 he obtained his PhD at the California Institute of Technology. He spent time at Colorado State University; and Utah State University, including being department head of the Plant Science Department. Author, or co-author of sixteen books, he has worked on numerous projects. He retired in 1997.

One of the books which he wrote, in 1974, was titled "The Utah UFO Display." It told the story of a series of UFO sightings, in the Uintah Basin, in eastern Utah in the USA, from a scientific perspective. These sightings took place in the date range 1966-1968. At that time he was "...favourable to the possibility of extraterrestrial visitations."

However, by 1970 he writes "...it became more and more difficult for me to be truly scientific (i.e. objective) about UFOs." About 1980, he retired from UFO research. It wasn't until 2010 that he re-entered the field with an update to "The Utah UFO Display." It was published by Bonneville Books, Springvale, Utah. ISBN 978-1-59955-405-1.


"I must admit that any favourable mention of the flying saucers by a scientist amounts to extreme heresy and places the one making the statement in danger of excommunication by the scientific theocracy. Nevertheless, in recent years I have investigated the story of the unidentified flying object (UFO), and I am no longer able to dismiss the idea lightly."

Source:

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Wilbert B. Smith

A Canadian electrical and radio engineer.

Photo of Wilbert B Smith

He wrote:

"The matter is the most highly-classified subject in the United States Government, rating higher even than the H-bomb. Flying saucers exist. Their modus operandi is unknown, but concentrated effort is being made by a small group headed by Dr. Vannevar Bush."

Following an interview with physicist Robert Sarbacher back in 1950 in which Sarbacher confirmed the existence of crashed saucers and the recovery of alien bodies, Smith got the Canadian government to establish Project Magnet – an attempt to understand and duplicate flying saucer performance. This has all been well-documented from Smith's notes of his meeting with Sarbacher, confirmation by Sarbacher in the 1980s, and various declassified Canadian government documents.

Smith gave a tape-recorded speech in Ottawa, Canada on March 31, 1958 in which he summarized findings of a 2-year UFO investigation, including a series of communications with intelligences claiming to be extraterrestrial and laboratory experiments suggested by these entities that confirmed the validity of their alien science. The transcript of Smith's speech is in Flying Saucer Review, Sept/Oct 1963, pp. 13–16.

Source: In a formerly classified Canadian government memorandum dated November 21, 1950.

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Stephen Hawking

World renowned astrophysicist.

Photo of Stephen Hawking

"Of course it is possible that UFO's really do contain aliens as many people believe, and the government is hushing it up. I wouldn't like to comment on that."

Sourch: On C Span Television. Stephen Hawking was the guest lecturer at the second Millennium Evening at the White House on March 6, 1998.

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Professor Peter A. Sturrock

Peter Andrew. Sturrock, Ph.D. (Professor, Space Science and Astrophysics, and deputy director of the Center for Space Sciences and Astrophysics, Stanford University). Sturrock (born 20 March 1924) is a British scientist.

Photo of Professor Peter A Sturrock

An emeritus professor of applied physics at Stanford University, much of Sturrocks career has been devoted to astrophysics, plasma physics, and solar physics, but Sturrock is interested in other fields, including ufology, scientific inference, the history of science, and the philosophy of science.

Sturrock has been a prominent contemporary scientist to express a keen interest in the subject of unidentified flying objects or UFOs.

Sturrock's interest traces back to the early 1970s when, seeking someone experienced with both computers and astrophysics, he hired Dr. Jacques Vallee for a research project. Upon learning that Vallee had written several books about UFOs, Sturrock–previously uninterested in UFOs–felt a professional obligation to at least peruse Vallee's books. Though still largely skeptical, Sturrock's interest was piqued by Vallee's books. Sturrock then turned to the Condon Report (1969), the result of a two-year UFO research project that had been touted as the answer to the UFO question. Sturrock commented that, "The upshot of this was that, far from supporting Condon's conclusions [that there was nothing extraordinary about UFOs],

"I thought the evidence presented in the report suggested that something was going on that needed study."

At about the same time that the Condon Committee was conducting its investigation, the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) in 1967 had set up a subcommittee to bring the UFO phenomenon to the attention of serious scientists. In 1970 this subcommittee published a position paper also highly critical of how the Condon Committee had conducted its investigation and how Condon's written conclusions often didn't match the cases detailed in the final report. Overall, the AIAA deemed about a third of the cases still unsolved. Unlike Condon, they felt these unsolved cases represented the essential core of the UFO problem and deserving of further scientific scrutiny.

Sturrock was curious what the general attitudes of the members of the AIAA might be and in 1973 surveyed the San Francisco branch of the AIAA, with 423 out of 1175 members responding. Opinions were widespread as to whether UFOs were a scientifically significant problem. Most seemed unsure or neutral on the question. Sturrock was also curious as to whether fellow scientists like the AIAA members ever reported seeing UFOs, i.e., anomalous aerial phenomena that they couldn't identify. The survey indicated that about 5% had, which is typical for what is usually reported for the general population as a whole.

In 1975, Sturrock did a more comprehensive survey of members of the American Astronomical Society. Of some 2600 questionnaires, over 1300 were returned. Only two members offered to waive anonymity, and Sturrock noted that the UFO subject was obviously a very sensitive one for most colleagues. Nonetheless, Sturrock found a strong majority favored continued scientific studies, and over 80% offered to help if they could. Sturrock commented that the AAS members seemed more open to the question than the AIAA members in his previous survey. As in the AIAA survey, about 5% reported puzzling sightings, but skepticism against the Extraterrestrial Hypothesis (ETH) ran high. Most thought that UFO reports could ultimately be explained conventionally. Sturrock also found that skepticism and opposition to further study was correlated with lack of knowledge and study: only 29% of those who had spent less than an hour reading about the subject favored further study versus 68% who had spent over 300 hours.

In his analysis of the survey results, Sturrock noted that many scientists wished to see UFOs discussed in scientific journals (there was an almost complete absence of such articles in journals). He subsequently helped establish the Society for Scientific Exploration in 1982 to give a scientific forum to subjects that are neglected by the mainstream. Their publication, the Journal of Scientific Exploration, has been published since 1987.

In 1998, Sturrock organized a scientific panel to review various types of physical evidence associated with UFOs. The panel felt that existing physical evidence that might support the ETH was inconclusive, but also deemed extremely puzzling UFO cases worthy of further scientific study. Sturrock subsequently wrote up the work of the panel in the 2000 book The UFO Enigma: A New Review of the Physical Evidence.

"Although the scientific community has tended to minimize the significance of the UFO phenomenon, certain individual scientists have argued that the phenomenon is both real and significant. To a scientist, the main source of hard information (other than his own experiments [and] observations) is provided by the scientific journals. With rare exceptions, scientific journals do not publish reports of UFO observations. The decision not to publish is made by the editor acting on the advice of reviewers. This process is self-reinforcing; the apparent lack of data confirms the view that there is nothing to the UFO phenomenon, and this view works against the presentation of relevant data."

Source:

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Professor Jack Kasher

Jack Kasher, Ph.D, Professor Emeritus of Physics and astronomy at the University of Nebraska, 2011. From 1975-1992 he was a consultant and summer employee at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory where he specialized in electromagnetic theory and did work on the Star Wars defense system. He spent the summer of 1991 working at NASA's MarshallSpaceflightCenter in Huntsville, Alabama. He has continued his research with NASA since that time, studying the surface of the sun. He is the Nebraska State Director for MUFON.

 
Photo of Professor Jack Kasher

Dr. Kasher did a detailed analysis of the STS–48 shuttle mission video that shows anomalous objects moving in space in a controlled manner within view of the shuttle's cameras.

A glowing object appeared on the horizon on film from the Space Shuttle Discovery in 1991. It seemed to move from left to right, and then slightly upward, and then quickly change direction after a flash of light. NASA explained this as ice particles, but in 1996 Jack analyzed the movements and found five arguments that the footage could not depict ice particles.

"There is another way whether it's wormholes or warping space, there's got to be a way to generate energy so that you can pull it out of the vacuum, and the fact that they're here shows us that they found a way."

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American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics UFO Subcommittee

AIAA Committee Looks at UFO Problem, AIAA UFO Subcommittee, Astronautics and Aeronautics, December 1968

Photo of the AIAA Building

"From a scientific and engineering standpoint, it is unacceptable to simply ignore substantial numbers of unexplained observations..."

"The Committee has made a careful examination of the present state of the UFO issue and has concluded that the controversy cannot be resolved without further study in a quantitative scientific manner and that it deserves the attention of the engineering and scientific community."

Source: AIAA Subcommittee.

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Dr. Jacques Vallee

Astrophysicist, leading UFO researcher, author.

Dr Jacques Vallee

"Sceptics, who flatly deny the existence of any unexplained phenomenon in the name of 'rationalism,' are among the primary contributors to the rejection of science by the public. People are not stupid and they know very well when they have seen something out of the ordinary. When a so-called expert tells them the object must have been the moon or a mirage, he is really teaching the public that science is impotent or unwilling to pursue the study of the unknown."

Source: Vallee, J., Confrontations, New York: Ballantine Books, 1990.


"The fact that since 1946 numerous persons in all countries have made detailed reports of events they regard as strange, mysterious, sometimes even terrifying, deserves attention. While many of the reports can be traced to natural events, we intend to demonstrate that, after the inevitable errors and the obvious hoaxes are eliminated, the reports reveal common characteristics, possess a high degree of internal coherence, and appear to be the result of the witnesses' exposure to a set of unusual circumstances."

Source: From the introduction to "Challenge to Science: The UFO Enigma," 1966.

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Dr. Felix Y. Zigel

Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy Moscow Aviation Institute.

Photo of Dr Felix Y Zigel

"The important thing now is for us to discard any preconceived notions about UFOs and to organize on a global scale a calm, sensation-free and strictly scientific study of this strange phenomenon. The subject and aims of the investigation are so serious that they justify all efforts. It goes without saying that international cooperation is vital."

Source: Zigel, F., Soviet Life, No. 2 (137), February 1968.

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John E. Mack M.D.

Professor of Psychiatry, Harvard University, Pulitzer Prize winning author.

Photo of John E Mack

Mack had a world view inspired by elements of spiritual and philosophical traditions which hold that people are all connected to one another; this theme of "connection" was taken to a controversial extreme in the early 1990s when Mack commenced his decade-plus study of 200 men and women who reported recurrent alien encounter experiences. Such encounters had seen some limited attention from academic figures (R. Leo Sprinkle perhaps being the earliest, in the 1960s). Mack, however, remains probably the most esteemed academic to have studied the subject.

He initially suspected that such persons were suffering from mental illness, but when no obvious pathologies were present in the persons he interviewed, his interest was piqued. Following encouragement from longtime friend Thomas Kuhn, who predicted that the subject might be controversial, but urged Mack to collect data and ignore prevailing materialist, dualist and "either/or" analysis, Mack began concerted study and interviews. Many of those he interviewed reported that their encounters had affected the way they regarded the world, including producing a heightened sense of spirituality and environmental concern.

Mack was somewhat more guarded in his investigations and interpretations of the abduction phenomenon than were earlier researchers. Literature professor Terry Matheson writes that,

"On balance, Mack does present as fair-minded an account as has been encountered to date, at least as these abduction narratives go." In a 1994 interview, Jeffrey Mishlove stated that Mack seemed "inclined to take these [abduction] reports at face value." Mack replied by saying, "Face value I wouldn't say. I take them seriously. I don't have a way to account for them." Similarly, the BBC quoted Mack as saying, "I would never say, yes, there are aliens taking people. [But] I would say there is a compelling powerful phenomenon here that I can't account for in any other way, that's mysterious. Yet I can't know what it is but it seems to me that it invites a deeper, further inquiry."

Mack noted that there was a worldwide history of visionary experiences, especially in pre-industrial societies. One example is the vision quest common to some Native American cultures. Only fairly recently in Western culture, notes Mack, have such visionary events been interpreted as aberrations or as mental illness. Mack suggested that abduction accounts might best be considered as part of this larger tradition of visionary encounters.

His interest in the spiritual or transformational aspects of people's alien encounters, and his suggestion that the experience of alien contact itself may be more transcendent than physical in nature–yet nonetheless real–set him apart from many of his contemporaries, such as Budd Hopkins, who advocated the physical reality of aliens.

His later research broadened into the general consideration of the merits of an expanded notion of reality, one which allows for experiences that may not fit the Western materialist paradigm, yet deeply affect people's lives. His second (and final) book on the alien encounter experience, Passport to the Cosmos: Human Transformation and Alien Encounters (1999), was as much a philosophical treatise connecting the themes of spirituality and modern worldviews as it was the culmination of his work with the "experiencers" of alien encounters, to whom the book is dedicated.

Source: Wikipedia


"I will stress once again that we do not know the source from which the UFOs or the alien beings come (whether or not, for example, they originate in the physical universe as modern astrophysics has described it. But they manifest in the physical world and bring about definable consequences in that domain."

Source: Mack, J., Abduction - Human Encounters With Aliens, New York: Scribners, 1994.

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Dr. Steven Greer

The Disclosure Project is a research project working to fully disclose the facts about UFOs, extraterrestrial intelligence, and classified advanced energy and propulsion systems. We have over 500 government, military, and intelligence community witnesses testifying to their direct, personal, first hand experience with UFOs, ETs, ET technology, and the cover-up that keeps this information secret.

Photo of Dr Steven Greer

"The evidence that at least one extraterrestrial civilization has visited Earth is extensive both in scope and detail. In its totality it comprises a body of evidence which at the very least supports the general assessment that extraterrestrial life has been detected, and that a vigorous program of research and serious diplomatic initiatives is warranted. Consider the following overview of facts:

It is an understatement to say that the time has arrived for a serious and open international dialogue regarding the possibility of future interplanetary relations. In no other area of human experience has so much evidence existed for so long, and yet been attended by such a paucity of serious research and analysis - at least in the civilian domain. While the subject matter [of UFOs] itself is extraordinary, it is the absence of a serious human response to it that is most extraordinary."

Source:

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Nikola Tesla

Patent: Invented UFO Spacecraft Following ET Contact
It is not widely known or reported that Nikola Tesla believed he had communicated with extraterrestrial beings during his career, and as a result he had been influenced to invent a UFO device which was patented with the United States Patent and Trademark Office.

Tesla described his first alien encounter as being like the "revelation of a great truth."

Photo of Nikola Tesla

"I can never forget the first sensations I experienced when it dawned upon me that I had observed something possibly of incalculable consequences to mankind.

I felt as though I were present at the birth of a new knowledge or the revelation of a great truth. My first observations positively terrified me as there was present in them something mysterious, not to say supernatural, and I was alone in my laboratory at night; but at that time the idea of these disturbances being intelligently controlled signals did not yet present itself to me.

The changes I noted were taking place periodically and with such a clear suggestion of number and order that they were not traceable to any cause known to me.

I was familiar, of course, with such electrical disturbances as are produced by the sun, Aurora Borealis, and earth currents, and I was as sure as I could be of any fact that these variations were due to none of these causes. The nature of my experiments precluded the possibility of the changes being produced by atmospheric disturbances, as has been rashly asserted by some.

It was sometime afterward when the thought flashed upon my mind that the disturbances I had observed might be due to an intelligent control. Although I could not at the time decipher their meaning, it was impossible for me to think of them as having been entirely accidental.

The feeling is constantly growing on me that I had been the first to hear the greeting of one planet to another. A purpose was behind these electrical signals."

The world owes Nikola Tesla many thanks for his amazing work and inventions that we, in the modern era, think little about. His development of alternating current (AC) generators and motors are still in use today, over 70 years after his death. However, Tesla had a different side that not many people might have known about. Tesla believed he may have had contact with extraterrestrial beings.

Tesla was motivated by these sounds to build bigger and stronger radio wave transmitters, with the intention of once again reaching out and communicating with these creatures. He built huge magnetic transmitters in Canada, Colorado, and Long Island. It appears that he was never able to initiate contact with the sounds that he heard, he only received and attempted to interpret what he heard.

However, this contact with perceived extra-terrestrial life may have inspired the great genius Tesla to invent a vehicle that could fly and visit these beings. It is rumored that in the early 1910s, Tesla invented and patented a flying-saucer type ship akin to the ones seen in movies and recalled by "alien encounter survivors."

Though it is said that the US Patent's Office accepted Tesla's unique patent, there is no record of it in the list of Tesla's patents. However, there is a patent in his name for a "Method of Aerial Transportation," which is VTOL, or vertical takeoff and landing. VTOL is the way that flying saucers would have to takeoff and land, so it is not outside of the realm of possibility.

"The signals are too strong to have traveled the great distances from mars to earth," wrote Tesla. "So I am forced to admit to myself that the sources must come from somewhere in nearby space or even the moon. I am certain however, that the creatures that communicate with each other every night are not from Mars, or possibly from any other planet in our solar system."

In the book, Tesla: Man Out of Time, there are alludes to missing patents and files from Tesla's work. Additionally, after Tesla's death in 1943 the government seized many of his papers and patents for fear they would get into the hands of the enemy axis powers. His work on beam weaponry became a source of fear for the US government, and though they released some of his missing papers to a museum dedicated to Tesla in Yugoslavia, it is widely theorized that the government still holds on to many of those missing papers. The FBI has a series of documents regarding Tesla in their web archives, but no apparent mention of the UFO patent.

Drawing of Tesla's UFO

Tesla's UFO, or IFO as he identified it, was designed to the minute detail – the type of engines, the monitors to display data, even the "eyes" of the ship that the pilot could see through.

Unfortunately, his design relied on "free energy" provided by his own transmission towers. Since those towers were never completed, neither was the prototype of his spaceship.

The world may never know exactly what Tesla had in mind for the future of space travel.

Source: yournewswire.com/patent-nikola-tesla-invented-ufo-spacecraft-following-et-contact/

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Dr Ellis Silver

Dr Ellis Silver a U.S. ecologist.

No Photo Available

Says, "Aliens put humans our planet as recently as tens of thousands of years ago."
He suggests, "The Earth might be a prison planet, since humans seem to be a naturally violent species and are here until we learn to behave ourselves."

The ecologist writes "the human race has defects that mark it of being not of this world."

Source: Humans are not from Earth.

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Dr. Bruce Goldberg

Dr. Bruce Goldberg holds a B.A. degree in Biology and Chemistry, is a Doctor of Dental Surgery from the University of Maryland School of Dentistry, and has a Masters degree in Counseling Psychology. He retired from dentistry and since then has concentrated on his thriving international hypnotherapy practice in Los Angeles, California. He is the author of 21 best-selling and award winning books, including Past Lives, Future Lives. This book is the first book ever written on progression hypnotherapy(taking patients into their future lives). His second book, The Search For Grace, was made into a television movie by CBS. Dr. Goldberg was the consultant on the film.

Photo of Dr Bruce Goldberg

"There are many abductions on board UFOs and secret military bases that are conducted, not by aliens from our own time, but by us in the future. I refer to these time travellers as chrononauts. These chrononauts originate from between 1,000 to 3,000 years in our future and from Earth.

Through the use of hyperspace engineering, these time travellers have mastered the art of entering the fifth dimension and travelling back in time to our century. In addition, these chrononauts have abducted us in our past lives as well.

The purpose of these times travellers is to facilitate our spiritual growth. They are us in the future. My. Presentation will thoroughly describe exactly who these time travellers are, how they interact with us and how we can all benefit from this contact."

Source: www.drbrucegoldberg.com

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Roger Lier

Roger K. Leir, D.P.M., (1934 to March 14, 2014) was an American podiatric surgeon and ufologist best known as an investigator of alien implants. Leir appeared frequently on television and talk radio programs devoted to ufology.

Photo of Roger Lier

Leir said that he had removed about a dozen implants from people's bodies and claimed they were devices that emit radio signals. Leir alleged that implants had moved by themselves during surgery as if to avoid removal. Leir said that "laboratory testing of the implants implied they were of extraterrestrial origin."

Source: Wikipedia

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Peter Sturrock

Is an emeritus professor of applied physics at Stanford University. Professor Sturrock’s involvement with radar dates back to World War II. While studying mathematics at Cambridge University, he interrupted his studies to help in the war effort and joined the Telecommunications Research Establishment in 1942, now known as the Royal Radar Establishment, where he helped develop radar systems.

Photo of Peter Sturrock

On radar and in particular the Japan Air Line encounter of November 17th 1986, he said… "Yes, radar is physical evidence,"
When asked, Professor Sturrock if he had a favourite UFO case and he replied, "The Coyne helicopter case. On October 18, 1973, the four-man crew of an Army Reserve helicopter heading towards Cleveland from Columbus had an otherworldly encounter with a UFO at about 10:30 PM as they were flying near Mansfield, Ohio. There were civilian witnesses on the ground as well".

Source: CNN